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Ghana Laws


1963 (ACT 186)

Section 1-Creation of Statutory Wayleaves

(1) Where the President is of the opinion that it is in the public interest that any right of way or other similar right over any land (hereafter in this Act referred to as a "statutory wayleave") be created in respect of the whole or any part of any of the works specified in the next following section he may, subject to the provisions of this Act, by executive instrument (hereafter in this Act referred to as a "wayleave instrument") declare the land specified in the instrument to be subject to such statutory wayleave as is specified therein; and on the publication of a wayleave instrument and without further assurance the land shall be deemed to be subject to that wayleave which shall, in accordance with the terms of the instrument, enure to the benefit of the Republic, any statutory corporation specified in the instrument, or the public generally.

(2) A wayleave instrument shall contain the following particulars, that is to say—

(a) a description (with measurements) of the land affected by the statutory wayleave together with a plan showing the position of the works constructed thereon;

(b) particulars of the person or body for whose benefit the wayleave is to enure; and

(c) such other particulars of the said works as the President thinks necessary or expedient to include in the instrument.

(3) A copy of every wayleave instrument shall be served on the owner or occupier of the land affected by the statutory wayleave, and if neither the owner or occupier can be found shall be posted in a conspicuous place on the land and published in a newspaper circulating in the locality.

(4) Any land subject to a statutory wayleave shall (notwithstanding any rule of law) continue to be subject thereto until the wayleave is terminated in accordance with regulations made under this Act.

Section 2-Works for which Statutory Wayleaves may be Created

(1) A statutory wayleave may be created in respect of any of the following works, that is to say—

(a) any highway; and

(b) any other structure or works for the purpose of, or in connection with, any public utility service;

any such works being hereafter in this Act referred to as "specified works".

(2) Any statutory wayleave created for the purposes specified in paragraph (a) of the foregoing subsection shall, unless the contrary intention appears in the instrument creating the wayleave, be deemed to include the purposes specified in paragraph (b) of that subsection.

(3) In this section the expression "public utility service" means any service provided by the Republic, any local authority or statutory corporation, for supplying electricity, water (for any purpose) or gas, or for supplying sewerage, transport or telecommunication facilities or facilities connected with the operation of any port, railway, tramway or airport.

Section 3-Rights of Entry for Survey

(1) With a view to determining whether any land is suitable for the construction of any specified works, any public officer or other person acting on behalf of the Republic, any local authority or statutory corporation may, if authorised by or on behalf of the Minister with the agreement of the appropriate Minister (any person so authorised being hereafter in this Act referred to as an "authorised person") and subject to subsection (2) of this section, enter upon any land for the purpose of surveying that land.

(2) Before entering on any land in pursuance of the foregoing subsection the authorised person shall give to any person in occupation of that land not less than twenty-four hours notice of his proposed entry; and the notice shall contain particulars of the land to be surveyed, the purpose of the survey and of the works proposed to be constructed thereon.

(3) Any Minister having functions under this section may delegate those functions.

Section 5-Rights of Entry for Inspection, Maintenance, Etc

An authorised person may at any time enter on any land for the purpose of inspecting, maintaining, replacing or removing any specified works.

Section 7-Regulations

The Minister may, by legislative instrument, make regulations—

(a) providing for all matters relating to the procedure and functions of the Tribunal established under this Act; and

(b) generally for giving effect to the provisions of this Act, and any regulations made by the Minister may, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing words, impose charges upon any person or make provision for the payment of fees to the Minister or to any person appointed by him, and may make provision for the termination of any statutory wayleave and for all matters connected therewith.

Section 8-Interpretation

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meanings hereby assigned to them respectively, that is to say—

"The Appropriate Minister" means the Minister responsible for the works concerned;

"highway" means any road, street, path, pavement or square and includes any bridge or other structure associated therewith;

"the Minister" means the Minister responsible for lands;

"specified Works" has the meaning assigned to it by section 2 of this Act;

"statutory Wayleave" has the meaning assigned to it by section 1 of this Act;

"transport" includes transport by canal, by overhead cable, conveyor or rail, or by pneumatic dispatch tube or by pipe line;

"wayleave instrument" has the meaning assigned to it by section 1 of this Act.

Section 9-Other Enactments Relating to Entry on, and Acquisition of, Land

This Act shall not be construed as in any way being prejudiced by any other enactment relating to the entry on, or the acquisition of, any land for any purpose whatsoever.


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